How to change I/O priority of a process or thread in Win7?

Question

Process Explorer is able to show the effective IO priority of a given thread, but not change it. Seeing as IO priority support is a comparatively new feature, most programs don’t set their own IO priorities. It appears that by default the IO priority is derived from the thread priority (rather than process priority), which Process Explorer can’t modify either.

Are there any other tools out there that can help me change the IO priority of a given thread / all threads of a given process?

Asked by romkyns

Answer

The answer is easy. It is simple API call to an NT Native API, NTSetInformationProcess. It is defined as the class ‘IoPriority’ in the 2008 DDK. In Vista only two levels are supported by applications though, Very Low and Normal. There are technically 5 levels defined though — Critical, High, Normal, Low, and Very Low. The Critical level is reserved for paging operations.

If you don’t know anything about the NT Native APIs, then that might sound confusing. However, famaliarize yourself with them and it will take two seconds.

However, Microsoft does NOT recommend applications directly adjust their I/O priority. Instead, they recommend you simply set the CPU priority of the calling thread. The I/O priority is derived from that. In this way, the I/O priority addition was a ‘drop in’ addition to Windows.

I wrote more on this subject here (and will keep it updated): http://www.bitsum.com/pl_io_priority.php

As of Process Lasso v4.09.07 beta, it can set current and default/persistent I/O priorities for processes. I continue to work on it, and by v4.1 full support will be available. So, Process Hacker is not the only tool that can freely be used to set the I/O priority directly.

Answered by 90h